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 Kosher Directory Home > What is Kosher
Kosher Directory
What is Kosher

The following is an outline of a very intricate and complicated set of rules that make up the laws of Kashruth. It is meant only to provide a general overview of Kashruth. A competent rabbi must always be consulted for proper interpretation and implementation of the law.

Answer: The Hebrew word "Kasheir," or "Kosher," means fit or proper. When applied to food, the term indicates that an item is fit for consumption according to Jewish law. The word "Kashruth" refers to the general subject of Kosher food.

There are three categories of Kosher food - Meat, Dairy and Parve (or Pareve).

1. Meat - For an animal to be Kosher, it must have split hooves and chew its cud. (Examples: cow, goat, lamb.) Non-Kosher animals include pig, horse, camel and rabbit. Kosher fowl include chicken, turkey, goose, and certain duck. Animals and fowl must be slaughtered by a specialist, called a shochet, and then soaked and salted in accordance with Jewish law. All carnivorous (meat-eating) animals and fowl, and the blood of all animals and fowl, and any derivatives or products thereof, are not Kosher.

2. Dairy - Milk and milk products (cheese, cream, butter, etc.) of a Kosher animal are Kosher-Dairy. These may not be eaten in combination with meat or fowl.

3. Parve - Foods which contain neither meat nor dairy ingredients are called "Parve." All fruits, grains and vegetables in their natural state are Kosher and Parve. Fish which have fins and scales are Kosher and Parve. Some examples are salmon, halibut and carp. Not Kosher fish species include sturgeon, catfish and swordfish. All shellfish, eel, sharks, underwater mammals, and reptiles are not Kosher. A Parve item can become either dairy or meat when it is cooked together with food in either category. (Example: fish fried in butter is considered dairy, not Parve.)

Certain grain products and their derivatives, although Kosher the rest of the year, may not be used during Passover. In addition, in many communities legumes are not permitted on Passover. Kosher for Passover items may be made only with utensils that are Kosher for Passover according to Jewish law.

The separation of meat and dairy products also applies to the utensils used for storing, preparing and serving these foods. Therefore, completely separate sets of pots, dishes, cutlery, etc. must be used for meat and dairy foods. Kosher food prepared in pots used previously for preparing non-Kosher food may become not Kosher.

Exploring Kosher - Home
Meaning of Kosher
Why Go Kosher?
Who Eats Kosher?
Kosher Etiquette
Which Animals are Kosher?
What is Glatt Kosher?
Kosher Supervision
Koshering Your Kitchen
Kosher Recipes
Kosher Glossary

The Kosher Directory
Kosher Restaurants
Kosher Baskets

Kosher Cookbooks
Books about Kosher

Make it easy on yourself - COLOR COORDINATE!
Accessorize and tag and color coordinate -click here
Meat (red) pots: Click here
Meat dishes: Click here
Dairy (blue) pots: Click here
Dairy dishes: Click here
Pareve (green) pots: Click here
Pareve dishes: Click here

Another tip: tag your dishes to designate Meat/Dairy/Pareve
with color tape (red/blue or green) Click here



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